Dr. Allama Muhammad Iqbal: A Legend Poet and Thinker

Dr. Allama Muhammad Iqbal is the most prominent writer, poet, and philosopher of not only Urdu but also of Persian. He was born on November 9, 1877, in Sialkot. Allama Muhammad Iqbal is very well known not only in Pakistan but also in India, Bangladesh, Kashmir Sri Lanka and Iran.

He was also a significant figure for the Muslims of the subcontinent during the freedom movement. He inspired the Muslims of the subcontinent to get liberation from the tyrannies of the British and the Hindus. His inspirations became vital after his Allah Abad Address because that time the Muslims of the subcontinent had a dire need of such personality that can awake them.

Further, during round table conferences, he also played a significant role in the social and political improvements of the Muslims of the subcontinent.

Early Education

At the age of four years, Allama Iqbal was admitted in a madrassah to learn the Quran. Further, he matriculated from Scotch Mission College in Sialkot in 1893. After completing his matriculation, Allama Iqbal passed intermediate in the Faculty of Arts from Murray College Sialkot in 1895. To do graduation, Allama Iqbal came to Lahore and got admission in Government College Lahore from where he attained Bachelor of Arts in Philosophy, English, and Arabic in 1897. Further, in 1899, he did Master of Arts from the same college.

At the age of four years, Allama Iqbal was admitted in a madrassah to learn the Quran. Further, he matriculated from Scotch Mission College in Sialkot in 1893. After completing his matriculation, Iqbal passed intermediate in the Faculty of Arts from Murray College Sialkot in 1895. To do graduation, Allama Iqbal came to Lahore and got admission in Government College Lahore from where he attained Bachelor of Arts in Philosophy, English, and Arabic in 1897. Further, in 1899, he did Master of Arts from the same college.

Higher Education

Dr. Iqbal was impressed by the teachings of Sir Thomas Arnold. Due to his teachings Dr, Iqbal decided to go to the west of higher education. He got the scholarship at Trinity College, the University of Cambridge and got a bachelor degree in 1906. Further, he went to Germany for the purpose of doctoral studies. He got the degree of Doctor of Philosophy from the Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich in 1908.

Marriage

Dr, Allama Muhammad Iqbal was married three times during his life. Firstly, he got married to Karim Bibi when he was a student of Bachelor of Arts. He was secondly married to Sardar Begum from whom Javaid Iqbal was born, and thirdly he married with Mukhtar Begum in 1914.

Death

Dr. Allama Muhammad Iqbal who gave an idea of a separate homeland for the

Dr. Allama Muhammad Iqbal who gave an idea of an independent homeland for the Muslims of subcontinent could not see a separate homeland Pakistan for the Muslims. He died on 21st April 1938 in Lahore. His tomb located in Lahore in Hazuri Bagh near Lahore Fort.

Dr. Allama Muhammad Iqbal Tomb

Titles

Dr. Allama Muhammad Iqbal remembered by different titles. Some of his famous titles are following.

  • Shair-e-Mashriq (the poet of the East)
  • Mufakkir-e-Pakistan (the Thinker of Pakistan)
  • Musawar-e-Pakistan (the artist of Pakistan)
  • Hakeem-ul-Ummat (the Sage of the Ummah)

Finally, Dr. Allama Muhammad Iqbal is formally and officially known as the National Poet. He is remembered every year in Pakistan on the day known as Iqbal Day on 9th November.

Dr. Allama Muhammad Iqbal Major Literary Works/ Books List

Persian

  1. Asras-i-Khudi (1915)
  2. Rumuz-i-Bekhudi (1917)
  3. Payam-i-Mashriq (1923)
  4. Zabur-i-Ajam (1927)
  5. Javid Nama (1932)
  6. Pas Cheh Bayed Kard aj Aqwam-e-Sharq (1936)
  7. Armughan-e-Hijaz (1938)

Urdu

  1. Bang-i-Dara (1924)
  2. Bal-i-Jibril (1935)
  3. Zarb-i- Kalim (1936)
  4. Kulyat e Iqbal

English

  1. The Development of Metaphysics in Persia (1908)
  2. The Reconstruction of Religious Thought in Islam (1930)

At last, I hope you liked the biography and literary work of great poet Dr. Allma Muhammad Iqbal. You may also want to checkĀ Faiz Ahmad Faiz: A Legend Urdu Poet.

1 thought on “Dr. Allama Muhammad Iqbal: A Legend Poet and Thinker”

  1. I love Allama Iqbal poetry. Allama Iqbal wrote about all the topics especially regarding the awakening of the Muslims of the subcontinent. In his Persian poetry, he majorly talks about his spiritual poetry with the help of Persian expression.

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