Hafeez Jalandhari is one of the great Pakistani poets who collected a lot of fame across the whole country. He was born on 14th January 1900 in Jalandhar. He has been studying under the teaching and direction of poet Maulana Ghulam Qadir Bilgrami from where he got the pure sense of poetry that led him to a very progressive way that he can prepare the National Anthem of Pakistan.
Hafeez Jalandhari poetry deals with many fields such as romantic, patriotic, natural and religious themes. He continued to move forward that one day his excellence awarded him with the highest prize of Pakistan known as Hilal-e-Imtiaz and the pride of performance by the Pakistani Government. He was born in India, but after partitions, he chose to a Pakistani and came to Pakistan where he died on 12th of December 1982 in Lahore.
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Early Education and Socialization
Abul Asar Hafeez Jalandhari is widely known as the founder of the national anthem of Pakistan in all of the country. He got his first education from his native locality Jalandhar. After 1947 he migrated to Pakistan.
Abul Asar Hafeez Jalandhari married her cousin Zeenat Begum in 1917. She died in 1954.
World War and Hafeez Jalandhari
During the World War II, he performed his duties as a publicity officer in the military. He also remained a prominent figure in the Pakistan Movement. Further, in 1948, there was created an unresolved issue between Pakistan and India known as Kashmir Issue. Hafeez Jalandhari also participated actively for the freedom of Kashmir. He also performed duties as Director General of Morals in the military. During 1965, he wrote anthems to encourage the Pakistani military forces.
Hafeez Jalandhari focused on poetry, and in verse further, he focused on two specialisations Poem and Ghazal. His poems and Ghazals appreciated with great warms. Especially in Urdu Geets Hafeez Jalandhari is considered second after Azmat Ullah Khan. He has written many songs and anthems poems for the children. The most famous works of Hafeez Jalandhari is “Shahnama-e-Isalm.” It consists of four parts one by one.
Hafeez Jalandhari Important Writings/ Books List
Among prominent Poems, Geets and Ghazals of Hafeez Jalandhari some of are following.
- Chiyoonti Nama
- Tulkhaba Sheeren
- Shahnama e Islam
- Naghma Zaar
Hafeez Jalandhari and Journalism
He has also been working as a journalist for different magazines like “Hazar Dastaan” and “Mukhzin”. Due to his strong efforts and working, he got “Hilal-e-Imtiaz” and “Husn-e-Krkardagi” by the president of Pakistan. “Shahanama-e-Islam” is his unique works that put him at the heights of success. It is the history of Islam in the form of poems. His poetry also reflects the significant incidents of the subcontinent that he observed during partition. If you critically examine his poetry, you would also find that Hafeez Jallandhury also used the Hindi language because he socialised in India, but after separation, he came to Pakistan and became the permanent citizen of Pakistan.
Hafeez Jalandhari poetry encompasses different fields and attitudes that grasp the attention of plenty of audiences. His poetry includes separate streaks like romantic, patriotic, religious, naturalistic and painful also. Here are a few examples of Hafeez Jalandhari poetry.
“Dekha jo teer kha ke kame’n gaah ki taraf
Apne he doston se mulaqat ho gai
Aakhir koi soorat to bane khana e dil ki
Ka’aba nahi banta hai to but khana bana de”
Hafeez Jalandhri was born in Jalandhar in India but died in Lahore on 21st December 1982.